There are certain restrictions on the employment of children. Children cannot work without a work permit issued by the Education Department of the City Council; in places such as a factory or industrial site; during school time; before 7 a.m. or after 7 p.m.; for more than an hour before school; for more than 4 hours without a break of at least 1 hour, in pubs and casinos / gambling venues; in any work that could harm their health, well-being or education. During the school year, children can work a maximum of 12 hours per week, while during school holidays, the maximum weekly working time is 25 hours (for 14- and 15-year-olds) and 35-hour (for 15- and 16-year-olds). Source: Children and Young Persons (www.gov.uk/childemployment/ Minimum Age-Children-Can-Work Act, 1933 The working hours of these workers are eight hours a day and 40 hours a week. There are rules that govern what hours of the day you can work and for how long. These vary depending on age. You are allowed to take a 30-minute break if you work 4 and a half or more hours in a shift – you and your employer can decide when to have them. You may not be paid for your break – check with your employer. You must have twelve hours of rest between each working day and 48 hours of rest per work week. They are also entitled to a 30-minute rest period if they work more than four and a half hours. Teenagers usually can`t work between 10 p.m.
and 6 a.m. Like other workers, young people aged 16 to 18 are also entitled to annual leave, depending on the days they work in a week. The minimum wage rate for workers aged 16 to 18 is £4.05 per hour. School-age children are not entitled to the national minimum wage. There may come a time when your company is considering hiring younger workers. After all, they are cheaper than adults to hire and, provided you find the right worker, can be very enthusiastic about learning. You can`t work where you come into contact with chemicals, toxic materials, or radiation unless you can only work eight hours a day, or a total of 40 hours in a week. You usually can`t work at night, but there are extraordinary circumstances in which you can. Under the law, employers must keep records of young workers: In general, if you are under the age of 13, you can only get a job in special circumstances. Once you reach the age of 13, you can do light work. This means you can`t do work that could affect your health and safety or interfere with your education. For example, you can do a paper trick.
Holly works in a coffee shop every morning from 8 a.m. to 11 a.m. and every night from 5 p.m. to 9 p.m. She doesn`t need a 12-hour break during the night because she took a break in the afternoon. Young people who left school in the summer of 2014 must now complete their education or vocational training until the age of 18. One option is to work full-time (20 hours or more per week), combined with part-time education or training. In most jobs, you usually can`t be asked to work between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. If your contract says you have to work until 11 p.m., that`s fine, but you shouldn`t start working until 7 a.m. the next morning. Well, the short answer is yes, but labour law for under-16s or 16-year-olds with an early school age is different.
The Labour Law for 16- and 17-year-olds stipulates that young workers in these age groups who have passed school age can only work a maximum of 40 hours per week, with a limit of eight hours per day. You can`t decide not to do it or do night work. It is illegal for anyone under the age of 18 to work between midnight and 4 a.m., even if they perform any of the above work. If your company offers little or no training, you can also take time off work and study if you opt for continuing education. A young person who has passed school-leaving age and is under 18 years of age may not hold a job that he or she is physically or mentally unable to do; brings it into contact with chemical agents, toxic substances or radiation; and/or poses a health risk due to extreme cold, heat or vibration. For example, your employer might ask you to shorten your break if you work in a restaurant and a bus party arrives. Other colleagues have called sick people and there is no one else to do the work. If you employ young workers, you need to understand how school age affects labour law for minors in the UK. Or you can read our guide, which includes important details about the labor laws you need to follow. The hours you may be asked to work depend on your job: your employer may ask you to work longer in exceptional cases. You can only ask this if: However, if you want to do so, you need to make sure you are aware of the under-18 labour laws in the UK.
There are many rules that govern child working hours, but the basic rules are as follows: local regulations may also have other restrictions in terms of working hours, working conditions and type of employment. The working hours of children under the age of 16 are limited. If a young person has passed the school-leaving age but is under 18 years of age, he or she is not allowed to work more than 8 hours a day or more than 40 hours a week. Usually, they cannot work between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m., unless they work in certain occupations. Young people between the ages of 16 and 18 are not allowed to work more than eight hours a day or more than 40 hours a week. Children cannot start working full-time until they reach the minimum age to leave school, so they can work up to 40 hours a week. When a child reaches the age of 18, normal labour rights and adult laws apply. All employers have a responsibility to ensure that the health and safety of their employees is protected at work. This means that you should expect a thorough workout that will show you all the dangers you might encounter during your work and the right ways to do your job safely.
During school holidays, young people between the ages of 13 and 14 are only allowed to work a maximum of 25 hours per week. These include: If you`re under 18 and you`re planning to find a job or are already working, there are some restrictions on what work you can do, where you can do it, and how long each week. We can help you with any questions you may have about hiring young workers, with additional information on how to support your existing workforce: 0800 028 2420. Other general rules for 13- to 16-year-olds include: A 30-minute rest if you`re asked to work more than four and a half hours at a time. Breaks are not in addition to uninterrupted 12-hour lunch breaks per 24-hour period during which you work 40 hours outside of work over a seven-day period. Young people can work full-time as soon as they leave school, i.e. on the last Friday in June of the year in which they reach the age of 16. Please note that young people are now obliged to continue to participate in education and training until the age of 18. When a young person takes up a full-time job at the age of 16, he or she still needs to take at least 280 guided guided learning lessons per year as part of education or training. Your local authority should have more information on how to do this, and the state guidelines on youth participation: education, employment or training can be found here. You must have at least 12 hours off between each working day – unless your working day is divided into short working hours.
These records must be kept for 2 years from the date of their creation. Since you`re old enough to leave school, you may find that employers are more willing to offer you part-time or full-time employment. They`re also not limited to “light work,” so you`re allowed to work in places like a busy store, restaurant kitchen, or as a waiter or waitress. You may be asked to work at other times in exceptional circumstances. This can be, for example, if there has been a flood and you need to help clean up. Here are the basic rules that govern the working hours of teenagers: However, at the age of 15 and 16, a child can work up to eight hours on a weekday when he is not at school or on a Saturday. You can also work up to 35 hours in an extracurricular week. There are some exceptions to this rule, even if the employer requires the young worker to take on the work necessary to maintain continuity of service or production. The youngest age at which a child can work part-time is 13, with the exception of children working in fields such as television, theatre or modeling. Children working in these areas will need a performance license/permit. If the child does not have a parent, teacher or guardian, he or she must be supervised by an accompanying person approved by the Council. Children between the ages of 14 and 16 are only allowed to do light work.
Among the work they are not allowed to perform is the supply of milk; the sale of alcohol, cigarettes or medicines; working in a kitchen or chip shop; the use of hazardous machinery; or work that can cause them any type of injury. Children cannot work full-time until they reach the minimum age to leave school. Most employers who hire employees from abroad only consider applications from people aged 18 and over. A child cannot be employed before 7:00 am or after 7:00 pm. In England, a young person must undergo part-time training until the age of 18. Normally, you should not be asked to work more than 40 hours a week or 8 hours a day. You usually have more rights at work than an adult and you may not have to work as many hours. Persons aged 16 or 17 are not allowed to work after 10 p.m. or before 7 a.m.